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Futuristic Frontend Development: Trends, Scope, Advantages

The front-end of an application is responsible to maintain the user experience, which leads to customer satisfaction. Does it sum up to user-friendly UI’s, or is there more to it in 2022, dive in!

Frontend aspects a major portion of the websites, web applications or mobile applications. It defines the way a website appears to the end users – potential customers, or first-time visitors.

The API for Frontend considers (1) the arrangement of content, (2) typography, (3) graphics, and animation, (4) font styles, (5) font size, (6) font colour, (7) scripting, (8) tags (header, paragraph, anchor, image, unordered list, list item, table, division, selector, declaration, property), (9) UI components, (10) event handlers, (11) variables, (12) if-else conditions, (13) functions, (14) Margins, and many more. But modern web development needs more than just HTML, CSS, and JS. We spice the mix with web development frameworks like React, Angular, Vue.JS, Ember, and Backbone.

With all these fixes in place, web designers attempt to make the application look right, and justify all the expectations, catering to the visual appeal of the platform. Frontend combines the (1) visual appeal, (2) AJAX requests, (3) correlates data with DOM, (4) outlines file structure, and (5) styling and designing of the website/app components.

Additionally, frontend designers and developers need to understand the client-server communication, asynchronous operations, how asynchronous updates work, REST and GraphQL.

They need to be aware of Javascript, HTML, AngularJs, Elm, TypeScript, JQuery, SASS, web templates, web frameworks, and web libraries (prewritten code snippets) that can be integrated into existing code, whenever necessary.

Top Trends in Frontend Development: What are Indian Web Development Companies following?

Return of Static Websites

2022 brings back the long-lost season of static websites. These are quick as they do not require any database to fetch data.

JavaScript

JavaScript is regaining popularity as a popular frontend programming/scripting language. It has surprised developers time and again with its resilience, and robustness in handling difficult scripts and making the UI more intuitive. JS was the third-most-popular frontend programming language in 2021 according to GitHub and leverages nearly 700, 000 websites. We can count 7 Top Frontend JavaScript Frameworks – React, Vue.js, Angular, jQuery, Svelte, Ember, and Backbone.js. Blazor is an alternative to Javascript by Microsoft.

Combining Javascript with HTML and API makes a Jamstack framework which can be used to create single-page applications. If you wish to reduce the loading time, reduce server security problems, support portability, integrate with JS libraries, and host static content, you can look forward to using Jamstack. It does not require a server for automated builds, cache invalidation, or atomic deployments.

Many big firms like Louis Vuitton, Nike, PayPal, and Unilever have embraced it. Also, many big companies like Netflix, Paypal, LinkedIn, BBC News word, and OkCupid are using Javascript in their processes.

Chatbots are in full swing

Smart AI assistants like Amazon Alexa, Google Assistant, iOS Siri, Facebook Messenger, WhatsApp Business, Slack, and Google Hangouts. Chatbots implement natural language processing to understand human interactions in their native speaking style.

Contextual Bots implement conversion analyzer, sentiment analysis, self-learning, spelling check, managing dialogue, intent recognition, entity extraction, and managing engagement. Bots are smarter – can understand the context, remember the conversations, and learn from history, which is why small and big companies are including them in their applications to chat with their customers 24*7, as per their ease.

According to Gartner, approximately 85% of business relationships will be managed by virtual assistants, without human interaction, encouraging more demand and adoption of self-help services, by the end of 2020. Chatbots bring in round-the-clock support, and multiple customer engagements, reduce human errors, cross-platform accessibility to customers, better understanding of data gathering, and save the time and cost of the company.

Headless Architecture for CMS

Headless CMS acts as a centralized content repository, that runs in the background and makes use of a web service API to distribute content across multiple devices. It does not directly assist in making a website, as it does not have website themes or templates. Build an app/website and then use CMS’s API to plug the content into it. Jamstack-based websites built with site generators make use of headless CMS to manage content. Headless CMS examples: Contentful, GraphCMS, ButterCMS, Directus, Sanity, Agility, and Netlify CMS.

Micro Frontend Architecture

When the front end of the application is bifurcated into multiple loose entities, they become semi-independent micro apps. Every separate component acts as an independent application and many developers can simultaneously work together on individual components of a single codebase to create the frontend. Using a micro frontend architecture results in smaller codebase chunks that are easily manageable. It promotes the overall scalability of the application. If one component fails, that will not affect the performance of another component. It is easy to update and upgrade the codebase components without affecting the rest of the application. Companies like American Express, Starbucks, IKEA, and Spotify are making use of frontend architecture.

Progressive Web Apps (PWAs)

PWAs make use of emerging browser APIs, HTML, JS, and CSS to create a responsive user experience including features like push notifications, and an add-to-home screen. PWAs are also responsible for responsive web design to optimize viewer experience and adapt to multiple devices, and sizeable images.

Adopting GraphQL

GraphQL is a server-side runtime for APIs and a data query language, which makes APIs work fast. It offers an interface to handle errors and open-source extensions that provide features better than REST APIs.

Motion UI

Motion UI adds a midas touch to the existing user interface. Animations add a live-like element to the overall appeal making the interface look aesthetically pleasing. Companies like Instagram, Facebook, Google apps, Uber, Snapchat, CRED, Spotify, and many others are using motion UI for their daily use.

Single Page Applications (SPAs)

Single page websites enhance the user experience by preventing the need to reload the page every time a function is called o a script is executed in the client browser. It is fast, uses less bandwidth, and runs on a slow internet connection. it is popular with Facebook, Gmail, Google Drive, Twitter, Google Maps, GitHub, etc.

Simplicity

A simple front will always be trendy irrespective of the glamour that it carries with every passing season.

Visual App Development Tools [Low Code/No Code]

Building an app manually takes time and effort. It requires conceptualization, designing, coding, testing, and maintenance. Low code or no code tools can help in dragging and dropping elements to the visual interface to curate frontend, connect with 3rd party apps to fetch data and add business logic, and user experience.

What are frontend developers required to do?

Top web developers are hired to code user interfaces for websites, mobile applications, and other technology-based products and services. Their day-to-day task involves creating new products and services, troubleshooting and resolving issues, and implementing updates. They may be involved in a variety of coding frameworks depending on their role as a graphic designer or a user interface designer.

Why should a website’s frontend be different from its backend?

A website’s frontend should always be separate from its backend as it is easier to scale. This way even if the server sends raw data in JSON format to the browser, it nicely assembles bringing about a glowing user experience. It does not necessarily have to parse requests, retrieve relevant data from the database, apply calculations, or any changes to the data. It keeps upgrading hassle-free. It makes switching amongst the frameworks easy. Ultimately coding less, to achieve more will always be trendy in 2022. API-based websites will become the top order in frontend development.

Let’s Curl Up: Smelling The Scope of Frontend Development

Frontend web development makes the backend easily readable, and navigable. It is the first and the final look of the application that an end user gets to see. It ensures that you are able to use the application effectively.

A successful front end requires critical skills, experience, and a lot of hard work to go with it. Mobile-first, responsive web design goes hand in hand with other design elements, to fit into the screen sizes. This is essential when you require your application to work seamlessly on mobile devices and web browsers.

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